Knitting and Crocheting Hooks; A Brief History and Tradition

Knitting and Crocheting are the two traditional techniques that were famous both in history and modern era. In the past, they were considered as a basic human need of clothing for protection against the elements and as an indoor activity of older women who make products of new and dainty designs. After that, knitting and crocheting spread on industrial scale where it involves in the production of knitted fabrics, knitwear, hosiery for elite classes and fashion accessories for clothing, non-clothing, and decorative purposes. Knitting and crocheting patterns inspire the designers. Now, knitting and crocheting has become hobbies as well as arts-and-crafts activity. At the same time, they are growing in various areas of work and leisure. A mild difference exist between these two techniques

Knitting as a “Traditional Textile Technique”

Knitting is a technique by which thread or yarn is manipulated for creating cloth or other fine crafts. The term knit is derived from knot and eventually from the Old English cnyttan, “to knot”. There are many methods of making clothes, and knitting is one of the oldest of them.

The History of Knitting

Knitting was firstly originate from the middle East in the 5th century and move to Europe with wool traders afterwards. Early knitting from Egypt was made from cotton fibre, not wool. In the 14th century, a fisherman utilize this technique to make warm, woollen, weatherproof jumpers while they visit to sea. In the 16th century, knitting machines came into being and these machines were used to knit hosiery for multiple classes. Knitting has became a local industry in the Highlands and Scotland. A large number of people are employed there to knit stockings that were exported to the rest of Europe. And very soon, multiple products such as hats, shawl, bags, jumper and knitwear will be available in the market. The first knitting loam was set up in 1816. By the 20th century, knitting products were emerged as a mainstream fashion. Soon, knitwear will be fashionable and modern choice for men and women.

The Language of Knitting

Overall process of knitting is easy. It can be done manually (by hand) and mechanically (by using machines). Knitting is always done with two needles and both hands are required. Basically one needle is used for scooping out a new row of loops while the other is used for storing loops. Knitting is employed to make a variety of clothes. It creates stitches: loops of yarn in a row, either flat or in the round. Knitting needle pick many active stitches at one time. Unlike weaving, knitting not require a loom or some other large equipment. however, we can utilize some additional tools to make knitting patterns, shape fabric, keep the stitches on hold and for picking up new stitches.

 Flat knitting and Circular knitting are two types of hand-knitting. Two straight needles are used for flat knitting and two-dimensional flat fabric is produced while circular knitting require double-pointed needles or circular needles and it produce tubular shaped fabric.

Crochet “ an Emerging Technique”

The term crochet is derived from the French term crochet, meaning “small hook”. Crochet is a new name formerly it was called as Shepherd’s Knitting. Crochet is a process in which crochet hook is used to interlock loops of yarn, thread, and some other material. A single layer of stitch is not known as crochet until the second row of stitches is placed into it. The cloth is now referred to as slip-stitch crochet, the simplest type of closed work, if the second row is made by working a plain crochet stitch into each stitch in the chain and producing subsequent rows in the same way. This technique has grown in the urban and rural population and becoming more and more popular among the young urban population. Soon, it will turn into a profitable market.

The History of Crocheting

In contrast to woven or knitted items, early specimens of crochet have been much harder for researchers to find. Although Lis Paludan, a textile expert, has done extensive research on the history of crochet in Europe, she has not been able to find any evidence of its use prior to the early 1800s. The first crochet pattern was originate in the early nineteenth century. Popularity of crochet designs decline during the second half of the twentieth century. But again emerged in the start of the twenty-first century. If we believe the authors accurately represented the conditions in their different nations, crochet became popular in Holland much earlier than it did in England. A neckpiece in two-color tapestry crochet with the date 1812 woven integrally into the fabric attests to the fact that double crochet was a well-established technique in Sweden before 1823 but it may not have been a reflection of urban fashions at the time. Interestingly, people in the United states were undertaking fiber arts including crochet. Different social media platforms include YouTube, launched in 2005 enabled people to learn crochet and connect with others locally, nationally and internationally. Both men and women are learning this complex craft in many countries and the most famous crochet product is the kufi cap, often worn by Muslim men.

Characteristics of Crocheting

Unlike knitting, crochet not require two needles while It utilize only one hook and one main hand. Both crafts are used to pull yarn through loops and the crochet hook facilitates this process. Crochet hooks come in various sizes and made of different type of material such as metal, wood, bamboo, plastic or bone. Crocheting threads used are cotton, wool, silk, or linen. Different designs of crochet are widely available that vary country by country. These designs can be shared through diagrams.

The most well-known yarn crafts today is crochet which has been around for centuries. Crochet is like a fun, and relaxing hobby that any stressed person can do for relaxation. By using this technique, we can distract ourselves from whatever has been bothering us and allow ourselves to be creative. Our mind can be more peaceful and free of nervous notions and thoughts by concentrating on the repetitive actions of individual stitches and counting rows.

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